Bedbug infestation is one of the most serious challenges property owners can ever face. Bedbugs are bloodsucking insects that prey on human beings, pets and livestock among other types of mammals as well as birds. While people may have thought of bedbugs as a third world problem, developed countries have recently experienced a resurgence of bedbug infestations, particularly in the United States.
How to Identify Bedbugs
Before you can exterminate bugs, you have to identify them. Bedbugs are tiny insects that measure only 4-5 millimeters in length, and are flat. They also have an oval shape. Bedbugs differ in color based on their stage of development and feeding habit. For instance, immature bedbugs are usually light tan or translucent in color. Adult bedbugs, on the other hand, are usually reddish brown in color. However, this color changes to red after sucking blood from the host. Bedbugs normally feed on a weekly basis, or every 5 to 10 days, but they can survive months without food.
To feed, bedbugs normally pierce the host’s skin and inject an anesthetic and anticoagulants, which are contained in their saliva. This means that the initial bite and process of sucking blood is painless. The anticoagulants are meant to prevent the body from repairing the punctured skin, allowing the bedbugs to suck as much blood as possible. After feeding, bedbugs usually retreat to a convenient hiding place nearby.
Signs and Symptoms of Bedbug Bites
It is important to note that bedbug bites can cause allergic symptoms, physiological effects and skin rashes among other things, hence the need to exterminate them as soon as possible. Symptoms normally vary from one person to another, and may range from mild to severe. Usually, these bugs bite exposed parts of the body. High risk areas include: hands, neck, arms, legs and face. Skin lesions that appear reddish in color are the most common signs of bedbug bites. Another one is persistent localized itching. These lesions usually occur in a linear pattern or clusters. Fortunately, they will disappear in less than two weeks. Since the affected person may feel the urge to scratch the affected area, scarring may also be experienced. In some cases, the area may also become infected. If the bedbug infestation is severe, anxiety and insomnia may be experienced. Medical attention should be sought if prolonged or severe signs and symptoms are experienced.
Causes of Bedbug Infestation
These bugs thrive in a habitat with 75% humidity and temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit. They can be transported from one place to another through furniture, clothing, luggage and used mattresses among other things. Once they get into your home, they can spread like wildfire. Since they can survive without food for months, these insects pose a serious pest control problem.
Bedbugs are prolific breeders and can increase from a few dozen to millions within a year if optimal breeding conditions are maintained. It only takes a week for eggs to hatch and a single female bug can lay hundreds of eggs in its lifespan, which is usually around one year. Once they get into your property, you need to exterminate them as soon as possible. Fortunately, The Boss Pest Control can help you exterminate these resilient bugs.
It is important to note that bedbug infestation is not a result of having unsanitary conditions. In fact, they can live in the cleanest hotel rooms, hospitals and homes, provided there is a warm blooded animal to supply blood. If bedbug infestation occurs during summer, it will take less than two weeks for your property to be overrun by the bugs. After all, female bedbugs will start laying eggs immediately and hatching only takes a week. Bedbug nymphs usually start feeding immediately after hatching.
How to Exterminate Bedbugs
Once your property is overrun by the bugs, the only option you will have is to exterminate them. However, prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, it is recommended that you hire a reputable pest control company to inspect your property on a regular basis. Before moving into a new home, be sure to have it checked for bugs by an experienced pest control firm. One of the philosophies that The Boss Pest Control adheres to is, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure!